Lake Bogoria is a saline, alkaline lake that lies in a volcanic basin south of Lake Baringo, a little north of the equator. Lake Bogoria, like Lake Nakuru, Lake Elmenteita, and Lake Magadi further south in the Rift Valley is home at times to one of the world's largest populations of lesser flamingos. The lake is a Ramsar site and has been a protected National Reserve since November 1973. The reserve is also famous for its geysers and hot springs.

The lake is surrounded by barren, rocky hills and can’t be seen until you are almost upon it. The western shore is home to the Loburu hot springs which are well worth a visit. When water levels are right the water and steam from the springs bursts into the air before running through sulphur encrusted rivulets to the lake. Even in the northern deserts there are few places as harsh and severe as the land around Lake Bogoria.

The lake’s isolation, however, has a bonus. It is home to one of Kenya’s largest populations of greater kudu. Although common in Southern Africa the greater kudu is at the northern limit of its range in Kenya and only occurs in isolated pockets in the dry, rocky, semi-desert country to the north of the equator. In the late nineteenth century they were far more common but the great Rinderpest epidemic that swept through Africa wiped out all but a few small populations.
Apart from the kudu wildlife in the area can be pretty scarce and largely restricted to the inaccessible eastern shore, although the reserve is a good place to see Guenther’s dik-dik, rock hyrax and a number of other dry country species. Most people visit the reserve to take in the hot springs and see the masses of flamingos and the rest of the lake’s prolific birdlife. The fish eagles here have abandoned their traditional diet and adapted to catching and eating flamingos.

Lakes Lake Baringo Lake Bogoria Lake Magadi Lake Naivasha Lake Nakuru Lake Turkana Lake Victoria